Rug Weaving and Block Printing: Indian, Persian, Turkish…

Persian rugs, Indian rugs, Turkish rugs—-they are all incredibly beautiful works of art! Upon entering most rug factories, you’ll be treated to a coffee or beverage and a guide will explain all of the different styles of rugs. It’s quite an experience! Pictured here is a rug in India.

watching the loom at the rug factory
watching the loom at the rug factory in Turkey

A fascinating fact I learned while reading about the history of carpet weaving is that the carpets were invented to serve the purpose of practicality for the nomads. The thickness of the carpets was out of necessity to protect people from the cold conditions of the climate. By using carpets, they didn’t need their animals’ hides for this purpose. They needed their animals for other things. These carpets served as their flooring rather than the ground. Carpets helped decorate and beautify their rustic tents. The carpets were easily transportable when their nomadic lifestyle needed them to move on. There are so many styles of rugs from so many origins. I felt like I could stay in one of those rug stores for hours and hours studying the different designs. Just to name a few: IMG_5977

  • Turkish
  • Oriental
  • Persian
  • Indian
  • Kilim
  • Tabriz
  • Kazak
  • Heriz
  • Sarouk

We also observed a fascinating process in Udaipur called block printing. It is form of coloring and dyeing fabrics with wooden blocks. There are so many intricate steps to this process. India is reportedly the largest exporter of block printing fabrics.


Introduction to Indian Block Printing: Anokhi Museum

Visiting a rug factory overseas is a recommended activity because not only will you get to experience an informative “tour” or exhibit of these fabulous pieces of art, but you’ll also get good deals on them! If you purchase one, they’ll roll it up in a small duffel for you for easy transporting.

Some of the favorite items in my house have come from international markets; pillows, rugs, tablecloths, etc. There is nothing quite like handmade crafts.

photos by Gina Kingsley

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